Library Element Book and Thesis

Open Knowledge Institutions: Reinventing Universities

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Uploaded by RRI Tools on 17 September 2018

Montgomery, L., Hartley, J., Neylon, C., Gillies, M., Gray, E., Herrmann-Pillath, C., Huang, C-K., Leach, J., Potts, J., Ren X., Skinner, K., Sugimoto, C.R., Wilson, K. (2018). Open Knowledge Institutions: Reinventing Universities. Work in progress. MIT Press OA Books.

Introduction:

Can 13 authors, from the USA, Germany, Australia, China and South Africa, many previously unknown to one another, get together and, from scratch, write a 150-page book –– on a topic none of them has tackled before –– in 5 days? 

If the group in question is committed to the same goals as MIT’s PubPub platform, to “socialize the process of knowledge creation”; and if the process they use is a Book Sprint, a professionally facilitated “collaborative process that captures the knowledge of a group of experts in a single book,“ then the answer is yes.

What drew our diverse group together is “open knowledge.” By this we mean not just the technical specifics of open access publishing or open source computing, and not just a general commitment to an open society, open government or open science, but a need to understand how these technical and social possibilities can be brought together in open knowledge institutions. 

Specifically, how can the most long-lasting, successful and expanding version of a knowledge institution –– the university –– face the mounting challenges of global, digital and contested knowledge systems, in order to transform universities into Open Knowledge Institutions?

We present the results of our work here to the wider community for annotation, commentary, constructive criticism and engagement, with a view to extending the collaborative spirit further. We want the book to gain further analytical richness and precision from crowd-sourced expertise. You are invited to join us as we work through some of the issues that may enable or stand in the way of socialising knowledge itself.

 

Contents

Acknowledgments

1. Preface

  • 1. 1. The Flight of the Penguin
  • 1. 2. The Moondyne Manifesto

2. Change

  • 2. 1. An Open World
  • 2. 2. Open Initiatives in Universities
  • 2. 3. Open Knowledge and Conflict
  • 2. 4. Open by Design

3. Knowledge

  • 3. 1. Types of Knowledge
  • 3. 2. Knowledge as a Good
  • 3. 3. Open and Closed Knowledge Systems

4. Universities

  • 4. 1. Universities as Open Knowledge Institutions
  • 4. 2. Maintaining Open Knowledge Institutions
  • 4. 3. Opting for Openness?

5. Coordination

  • 5. 1. The Principle of Subsidiarity
  • 5. 2. Knowledge Functions
  • 5. 3. Coordination and Indicators
  • 5. 4. Key Issues of Coordination

6. Communication

  • 6. 1. Communication is Central
  • 6. 2. Publishing Open Knowledge
  • 6. 3. Mediating Open Knowledge
  • 6. 4. Collecting Open Knowledge
  • 6. 5. Rebundling Open Knowledge

7. Diversity

  • 7. 1. What is the Role of Organisational Diversity?
  • 7. 2. Building Trust
  • 7. 3. The University as a Leader in Societal Diversity

8. Policy

  • 8. 1. Policy and Governance Mechanisms
  • 8. 2. Policy Design
  • 8. 3. Policy Principles
  • 8. 4. Policy in Context

9. Indicators

  • 9. 1. Can We Evaluate Openness?
  • 9. 2. Challenges in Evaluation
  • 9. 3. A Framework for Open Indicators
  • 9. 4. Institutionalising Open Indicators
  • 9. 5. Signals of Openness

10. Action

  • 10. 1. Ways Forward: Technical, Political, or Both?
  • 10. 2. Ways to Proceed
  • 10. 3. Leading the Way
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